David Dickson (1583-1663)Therapeutica Sacra, pp. 124-127 Objection. But some there are who maintain the decree of Redemption and Covenant between God and Christ (which in substance, is one with the decree) to be absolute concerning the powerful and invincible conversion, perseverance, and salvation of the elect; but concerning the rest of the world, they tell… Read More Predestination and the Free Offer of the Gospel
William PerkinsThe Manner and Order of PredestinationWorks VI, pp. 342-347 Objection: Saint Paul says that “God will that all men be saved and come to the knowledge of the truth” (1 Tim. 2:4). 1. All of which men? I answer, first, that the place is not to be understood of all the posterity of Adam,… Read More Does God Desire the Salvation of the Reprobate?
If the gospel is commanded by Christ to be preached unto all men without distinction, does this imply that Christ did in fact die for every individual human being to ever live? If the universal free offer of the gospel is true, how does this cohere with the doctrine of limited atonement? Is God insincere by offering redemption through Christ’s blood to the reprobate in the external call of the gospel, if Christ’s blood was never truly shed for them? In this post we will answer these questions by looking at three 17th century Reformed theologians.… Read More The Gospel Offer and Limited Atonement
Dr. William Young wrote the OPC Minority Report on the Free Offer of the Gospel (1948). Below is Dr. Young’s further analysis of the report and a critique and refutation of an alleged will of God that lies between his prescriptive will and his decretive will. A supposed divine willingness (velleitas), or “a weak though… Read More The Free Offer of the Gospel
The Geneva Theses (1649) were drafted by Antoine Léger (1594-1661) and Théodore Tronchin (1582-1657) at the commission of the Council of Geneva and the approval of the Company of Pastors (i.e. the Genevan Classis). While in Constantinople as the chaplain of the Dutch embassy, Léger became an intimate friend of Cyril Lukaris (1572-1638), whose creed… Read More The Geneva Theses (1649)
William PerkinsCommentary on Revelation 1-3Works IV, pp. 429-435. “Nevertheless I have somewhat against thee, because thou hast left thy first love” (Rev. 2:4). The Rhemists in their annotations abuse this place to prove that a man may quite fall away from grace. Therefore, to clear this text and to confirm our hearts in the truth… Read More Perseverance of the Saints
“Being confident of this very thing, that he which hath begun a good work in you will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ” (Philippians 1:6). Herman Witsius Economy of the Covenants Book III, ch. 13, pp. 77-81. Objection: Perseverance of the saints promotes impiety and false assurance. Answer: XLI. Hence appears the falsehood… Read More Does Perseverance of the Saints Promote Impiety and False Assurance?
“Thou hast ravished my heart, my sister, my spouse; thou hast ravished my heart with one of thine eyes, with one chain of thy neck.” (Song of Solomon 4:9). Samuel Rutherford The Trial and Triumph of Faith Sermon 24, pp. 260-261. A Twofold Love of God, one of Good-will to the Person, another of Complacency… Read More God’s Love Before Time and God’s Love In Time
An Excerpt From Samuel Rutherford, Christ Dying and Drawing Sinners to Himself, or, A Survey of Our Saviour in His Soul-Suffering, His Loveliness in His Death, and the Efficacy Thereof Article 4. Places of Scripture seeming to favour universal Atonement vindicated. For the fourth Particular, and the clearing of Places alleged; we are, (1.) To… Read More Universal Atonement Refuted