Consensus Tigurinus, or the Consensus of Zürich, was written by John Calvin and Heinrich Bullinger as a response to the renewed opposition that Martin Luther had made to the Reformed understanding of the Sacraments. These 26 articles on Reformed Sacramentology were presented by both of them to Zürich and Geneva as a Reformed consensus, and they were adopted by both churches.… Read More The Consensus of Zürich on the Sacraments
Communion wafers are inappropriate for the Lord’s Supper, rather, ordinary bread is the proper element for the sacrament. Herman Witsius wrote, “we can by no means approve of the small round things, made of meal, commonly called hosts or wafers, such as now the Romish church is pleased to make use of.” Similarly, John Willison… Read More Why Wafers are Inappropriate for Communion
On every point Transubstantiation is a false, shocking, & novel doctrine. With Transubstantiation falls the sacrifice of the Mass. Upon Transubstantiation, everything important and decisive in the church of Rome may be said in a degree to hang. Yet, Protestant sacramentology truly captures the simple and beautiful institution of Jesus Christ.… Read More Transubstantiation: Unbiblical, Ahistorical, and Unreasonable
In the New Testament there is both new priest and sacrifice, yet not any popish priest but only Christ Himself both God and man.… Read More Is the Lord’s Supper a Sacrifice?
When we read these topical speeches of sacrificing and offering in the Fathers, we must not believe that they did admit any other propitiatory sacrifice, but only the passion of Christ, being the only sacrifice of the whole world, nor that they were accustomed to celebrate the popish mass.… Read More The Early Church and the Sacrifice of the Mass
Did Judas partake of the Lord’s Supper? The Gospel accounts seem contradictory. Luke seems to imply that he was there, but the others seem to imply that he had already left by the time the sacrament was administered by Christ. Theologians have landed on either side of this question, but the orthodox affirm that even if… Read More Did Judas Partake of the Lord’s Supper?
The following is an excerpt from the Journals of the House of Commons where the divines explain to Parliament what they mean by “ignorant or scandalous” (WLC 173; WCF 29:8; DPW on the Lord’s Supper) in regards to those who are unable to take the Lord’s Supper. Article Submitted To The House Of Commons Explaining… Read More Westminster Assembly on the Conditions for Partaking of the Lord’s Supper
A DISCOURSE OF SELF-EXAMINATION by Stephen Charnock vol. iv, Works, pgs. 483-493. Examine yourselves, whether ye be in the faith; prove your own selves: know ye not your own selves, how that Jesus Christ is in you, except ye be reprobates? 2 Corinthians 13:5 The apostle having blamed the Corinthians for some enormities among them,… Read More Self Examination | Stephen Charnock
A DISCOURSE OF THE UNWORTHY RECEIVING OF THE LORD’S SUPPER by Stephen Charnock vol. iv, Works, pgs. 472-482. Whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord. For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself,… Read More Unworthy Receiving of the Lord’s Supper | Stephen Charnock
A DISCOURSE OF THE SUBJECTS OF THE LORD’S SUPPER by Stephen Charnock vol. iv, Works, pgs. 427-471. But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup. For he that eats and drinks unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord’s body. 1… Read More The Partakers of the Lord’s Supper | Stephen Charnock