And it was at Jerusalem the feast of the dedication, and it was winter. And Jesus walked in the temple in Solomon’s porch. Then came the Jews round about him, and said unto him… (John 10:22-24a) Did Jesus religiously observe the Feast of Dedication as an ecclesiastical holy day even though it was not instituted… Read More Did Jesus Observe Hanukkah?
Excerpted from an upcoming translation of Johannes Hornbeek’s “Institutes of Theology Harmonized from the Best Authors” (pp. 57-59) by Charles Johnson of Reformed Theology Delatinized. Franciscus Gomarus (1563–1641) on the Pronunciation of the Divine Name (YHWH) For, although God, on account of the infinite eminence of his nature, and the limited acumen of created intellect,… Read More Five Reasons “Jehovah” is Correct | Franciscus Gomarus
William Attersoll (d. 1640), A Commentary on the Book of Numbers, pp. 455-458.  “And when Moses was gone into the Tabernacle of the Congregation to speak with Him, then he heard the voice of one speaking unto him from off the mercy seat that was upon the ark of testimony, from between the two… Read More God’s Special Presence in Public Worship
Excerpt from Francis Turretin’s dedication to the “most magnificent, noble, and honored men of the consul and all the Senate of the celebrated Republic of Geneva“, Institutes of Elenctic Theology, vol. 1. Our Geneva, not shadowy and emblematically but truly, is that city sustained by the hand of God alone; not by human means or… Read More The Importance of Godly Rulers | Francis Turretin
Heidelberg Catechism & Zacharias Ursinus Q. 72. Is then the external baptism with water, the washing away of sin itself?Answer. Not at all, for the blood of Jesus Christ only, and the Holy Ghost, cleanse us from all sin. “The same division which we made when speaking of the sacraments in general, is also true… Read More Spiritual vs. Water Baptism: A Reformed Distinction?
William PerkinsReformed Catholic, Works VII, pp. 134-138Of the Efficacy of the Sacraments I. Our Consent Conclusion 1. We teach and believe that the sacraments are signs to represent Christ with His benefits unto us. Conclusion 2. We teach further, that the sacraments are indeed instruments whereby God offers and gives the foresaid benefits unto us.… Read More The Efficacy of the Sacraments | William Perkins
Consensus Tigurinus, or the Consensus of Zürich, was written by John Calvin and Heinrich Bullinger as a response to the renewed opposition that Martin Luther had made to the Reformed understanding of the Sacraments. These 26 articles on Reformed Sacramentology were presented by both of them to Zürich and Geneva as a Reformed consensus, and they were adopted by both churches.… Read More The Consensus of Zürich on the Sacraments
In the Nicene Creed (AD 381), the universal church confesses that we believe in “one baptism for the remission of sins.” This language comes directly from several Scripture texts: “Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins [εἰς ἄφεσιν… Read More Does Baptism Remit Sins?
William PerkinsThe Manner and Order of PredestinationWorks VI, pp. 342-347 Objection: Saint Paul says that “God will that all men be saved and come to the knowledge of the truth” (1 Tim. 2:4). 1. All of which men? I answer, first, that the place is not to be understood of all the posterity of Adam,… Read More Does God Desire the Salvation of the Reprobate?
The Books of the Old and New Testaments Canonical and Inspired;With Remarks on the Apocryphaby Robert Haldane (1764–1842) In course of time, and in the progress of that corruption in the churches which soon began to work, the sacred canon was defiled by the addition and even intermixture of other books, which, through the unfaithfulness… Read More Why the Apocrypha is not Canonical Scripture