Occasional Days of Public Fasting or Thanksgiving

The Westminster Confession of Faith, chapter 21, after discussing the Regulative Principle of Worship and “the parts of the ordinary religious worship of God“, goes on to address extra-ordinary parts of religious worship, which include “solemn fastings (Est. 4:16; Joel 2:12; Mat. 9:15; 1 Cor. 7:5), and thanksgivings upon several occasions (Est. 9:22; Psa 107 throughout); which are, in their several times… Read More Occasional Days of Public Fasting or Thanksgiving

“This Is My Body”: Literal or Figurative?

“Why dost thou prepare thy teeth and belly? Believe, and thou hast eaten.” (Augustine, Tractate 25). Daniel Featley, Transubstantiation Exploded pp. 154-189. That the words of the institution, “This is my Body,” are to be taken in a tropical [from trope. Figurative; rhetorically changed from its proper or original sense] and figurative sense, is proved:… Read More “This Is My Body”: Literal or Figurative?

Harm of Attending the Mass: 2. Why it is Sinful to Attend a Papal Mass

  1. How Evil the Mass is 2. Why it is Sinful to Attend a Papal Mass 3. Reasons for Going to Mass Answered John Bradford, Hurt of Hearing Mass, Chapter 6. 1. It is Idolatry. First, out of the second commandment, “Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image…” This precept forbiddeth all… Read More Harm of Attending the Mass: 2. Why it is Sinful to Attend a Papal Mass

Is Instrumental Music a Circumstance of Worship?

This excerpt assumes the reader is familiar with the Regulative Principle of Worship and the difference between elements of worship and circumstances of worship. See here for a brief introduction: What is the Regulative Principle of Worship? John L. Girardeau, Instrumental Music in the Public Worship of the Church pp. 147-156 (1.) It is not claimed,… Read More Is Instrumental Music a Circumstance of Worship?

Reformed Scholasticism: Distinguishing Ends

“For educated men distinguish the end of the work from the end of working” (Samuel Rutherford, Disputatio Scholastica de Divina Providentia, p. 215). [1] This is a basic introduction to a distinction that one will commonly come across in reading Reformed Theology. This distinction will greatly assist in one’s understanding of theological concepts. We will define… Read More Reformed Scholasticism: Distinguishing Ends

A Concise Case For Exclusive Psalmody

This article assumes the Regulative Principle of Worship (RPW), which is the biblical doctrine that everything of religious significance in worship must be prescribed in holy Scripture, either explicitly or by good and necessary consequence, such that “whatever is beside the Word of God is against the Word of God.” [1] Given the RPW, the… Read More A Concise Case For Exclusive Psalmody

The Pericope Adulterae: A Floating Tradition?

The “floating tradition” argument against the authenticity of the Pericope Adulterae (PA), John 7:53-8:11, is summarized well by Bruce Metzger in 1964, “The pericope is obviously a piece of floating tradition which circulated in certain parts of the Western Church. It was subsequently inserted into various manuscripts at various places” (Text Of The New Testament,… Read More The Pericope Adulterae: A Floating Tradition?