Johnann Gerhard Theological Commonplaces: On the Nature of Theology and Scripture § 73. The canonical books of the Old Testament have the testimony of the Israelite church. Those controversial books [i.e. the Apocrypha] lack the testimony of the Israelite church. Therefore [the Apocrypha is not canonical]. Proof of the Major Premise. We prove the major… Read More The Oracles of God Committed unto the Jews
While the following excerpt is over a hundred years old, the substance of its criticisms remains highly relevant today. The modern Nestle-Aland and United Bible Societies texts continue to follow the flawed text critical assumptions and methodologies of Westcott and Hort. As D. A. Carson recently stated: “The theories of Westcott and Hort… [are] almost… Read More A Dialogue Between a Traditional Text Advocate and a Critical Text Advocate
The “floating tradition” argument against the authenticity of the Pericope Adulterae (PA), John 7:53-8:11, is summarized well by Bruce Metzger in 1964, “The pericope is obviously a piece of floating tradition which circulated in certain parts of the Western Church. It was subsequently inserted into various manuscripts at various places” (Text Of The New Testament,… Read More The Pericope Adulterae: A Floating Tradition?
How should we think about arguments regarding human authorship of certain passages or books of Scripture based on style and word choice? Here is an example of this argument against the authenticity of the Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53-8:11): “its writing style is very different from what we find in the rest of John (including the… Read More Textual Criticism: Stylistic Arguments
We have written previously on The Preservation of Scripture that God has kept his written word pure for the Church through all ages in the Hebrew and Greek faithful copies (apographa). We continue in this post by precisely explaining how he did so “by his singular care and providence.” First we will briefly discuss the nature of providence, then distinguish… Read More The Providence of God in Preserving Scripture
Dr. Edward F. Hills, The King James Version Defended, pp. 150-159. The Woman Taken In Adultery (John 7:53-8:11) The story of the woman taken in adultery (called the pericope de adultera) has been rather harshly treated by the modern English versions. The R.V. and the A.S.V. put it in brackets; the R.S.V. relegates it to… Read More Why the Story of the Woman Caught in Adultery Belongs in the Bible
One of the benefits that God gave Israel as his covenanted people was committing to them the oracles of God. What advantage then hath the Jew? or what profit is there of circumcision? Much every way: chiefly, because that unto them were committed the oracles of God (Rom. 3:1-2). As the Gentile Church has been made partaker in the spiritual benefits that Israel… Read More The Preservation of Scripture