The parts of a Sacrament are of two sorts, some outward, open, sensible, earthly, visible, and signifying—some are inward, hidden, spiritual, heavenly, invisible, and signified. The outward is applied to the body, the inward is applied to the soul and conscience. This division and distinction of parts appeareth plainly, “He is not a Jew which is one outward, neither is that circumcision which is outward in the flesh: but he is a Jew which is one within, and the circumcision is of the heart, in the spirit, not in the letter” (Rom. 2:28-29).… Read More The Nature of a Sacrament: Partly Outward and Partly Inward.
The Word of God may fitly be resembled to writings and evidences: and the Sacraments to seals, which the Lord alone sets to his own letters. They are as a visible sermon preaching unto us most lively the promises of God: that as the Word we hear doth edify and instruct the mind by the outward ears, so doth the Sacraments by the eyes and other senses… The Word may be without the Sacraments, but the Sacraments cannot be without the Word, as a writing may be without a seal, but not the seal without the writing. Set a seal to a blank, and is it not vain, void, and unprofitable?… Read More Word and Sacrament: Agreements & Differences
“Though the sacraments are connected with the thing signified nevertheless both are not received by all men: the ungodly indeed receives the sacrament to his condemnation but he does not receive the truth of the sacrament. As Judas, and Simon the sorcerer, both indeed received the sacrament, but not Christ, who was signified by it,… Read More Sacraments: The Savor of Death to Ungodly Partakers
On every point Transubstantiation is a false, shocking, & novel doctrine. With Transubstantiation falls the sacrifice of the Mass. Upon Transubstantiation, everything important and decisive in the church of Rome may be said in a degree to hang. Yet, Protestant sacramentology truly captures the simple and beautiful institution of Jesus Christ.… Read More Transubstantiation: Unbiblical, Ahistorical, and Unreasonable
In the New Testament there is both new priest and sacrifice, yet not any popish priest but only Christ Himself both God and man.… Read More Is the Lord’s Supper a Sacrifice?
When we read these topical speeches of sacrificing and offering in the Fathers, we must not believe that they did admit any other propitiatory sacrifice, but only the passion of Christ, being the only sacrifice of the whole world, nor that they were accustomed to celebrate the popish mass.… Read More The Early Church and the Sacrifice of the Mass
James Durham Concerning Scandal Part 2, Chap. 4, pp. 120-123. Whether the ordinances of Christ be any way polluted by corrupt fellow worshippers. It may be said, ‘But are not the ordinances of Christ someway polluted by the unworthiness of such scandalous partakers? And if so, can polluted ordinances be partaken of without sin?’ Answer.… Read More How Ordinances Are Polluted
William AttersollBadges of ChristianityBook 3, ch. 5, pp. 350-352 Christ delivered his Last Supper in bread and wine, then these signs may not be altered, but must be retained for the perpetual use and comfort of the Church. And howsoever it be left to the choice and liberty of the Church, what bread or what… Read More Christ Alone Defines the Sacramental Elements
Girolamo Zanchi De Religione Christiana Fides Confession of Christian Religion pp. 391-419. Of the Resurrection of Christ Jesus from the Dead, his ascension into heaven, and sitting at God’s right hand, out of the first of Paul to the Ephesians. 1 God did effectually show the greatness of his power in Christ by raising him… Read More A Refutation of the Omnipresence of Christ’s Human Nature
Thomas Boston Works, vol. 2, pp. 460-465. For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit (1 Corinthians 12:13). I come now to handle the questions in the Catechism concerning the… Read More How the Sacraments are Effectual Means of Salvation