Having seen that Christ did not institute a papacy in the church, and that Peter was not a pope or universal bishop, one may ask when and how the papacy came to exist and how it became what it is today. The papacy did not appear immediately at one time, rather it developed over a long period of time. Attempting to identify the first pope is akin to asking: When does food become rotten? It is not easy to pinpoint at one specific time because it is a gradual process.… Read More Who Was the First Pope?
J.A. Wylie Book I. The History of the Papacy. Chapter VII. That the Church of Rome Neither has Nor Can Change Her Principles on the Head of the Supremacy. We have shown in the foregoing chapter, that nothing in all past history is better authenticated than the fact that the Papacy has claimed supremacy over… Read More 7. Rome Cannot Alter its Claim to Supremacy
J.A. Wylie Book I. History of the Papacy. Chapter VI. The Canon Law. It would be bad enough that a system of the character we have described should exist in the world, and that there should be a numerous class of men all animated by its spirit, and sworn to carry into effect its principles.… Read More 6. The Canon Law
J.A. Wylie Book I. History of the Papacy. Chapter V. Foundation and Extent of the Supremacy. This is the favourable point for taking a view of the character of the Papacy,–its lofty pretensions and claims, and the foundation on which all these are based. The conflict waged by the seventh Gregory, and which ended in… Read More 5. Foundation and Extent of the Supremacy
J.A. Wylie Book I. History of the Papacy. Chapter IV. Progress of the Temporal Sovereignty. We left the Papacy, at the opening of the ninth century, reposing beneath the shadow of the Carlovingian monarchy. One grand stage in its progress had been accomplished. The battle for the temporal sovereignty had been fought and won. A… Read More 4. Progress of the Temporal Sovereignty
J.A. Wylie Book I. History of the Papacy. Chapter III. Rise of the Temporal Sovereignty. Over the abyss in which the Roman empire of the west had been engulfed there now floated the portentous form of the Papacy. If the idolatrous nations, in their victorious march from the Upper Danube to southern Europe, had not… Read More 3. Rise of the Temporal Sovereignty
J.A. Wylie Book I. History of the Papacy. Chapter II. Rise and Progress of Ecclesiastical Supremacy. The first pastors of the Roman Church aspired to no rank above their brethren. The labours in which they occupied themselves were the same as those of the ordinary ministers of the gospel. As pastors, they watched with affectionate… Read More 2. Rise and Progress of Ecclesiastical Supremacy
J.A. Wylie Book I. History of the Papacy. Chapter I. Origin of the Papacy. The Papacy, next to Christianity, is the great fact of the modern world. Of the two, the former, unhappily, has proved in some respects the more powerful spring in human affairs, and has acted the more public part on the stage… Read More 1. The Origin of the Papacy