Zacharias Ursinus Commentary on the Heidelberg Catechism CHRIST’S DESCENT INTO HELL Question 44. Why is there added, “he descended into hell?” Answer. That in my greatest temptations, I may be assured, and wholly comfort myself in this, that my Lord Jesus Christ, by his inexpressible anguish, pains, terrors, and hellish agonies, in which he was… Read More Did Jesus Descend into Hell?
William G. T. Shedd, The Doctrine of Endless Punishment, Chapter 3, The Rational Argument. Annihilationism is Speculative, Not Exegetical. The chief objections to the doctrine of endless punishment are not Biblical but speculative. The great majority of students and exegetes find the tenet in the Hebrew and Greek Scriptures. Davidson, the most learned of English… Read More The Rational Argument for Endless Punishment
William G. T. Shedd, The Doctrine of Endless Punishment, Chapter 2, The Biblical Argument, Part 3. The Nature and Duration of the Suffering in Hell. Having given the argument from Scripture, in proof that Sheol, Hades, and Gehenna, all denote the place of punishment for the wicked, we proceed to consider the nature and duration… Read More The Nature and Duration of Suffering in Hell
William G. T. Shedd, The Doctrine of Endless Punishment, Chapter 2, The Biblical Argument, Part 2. Scriptural Terminology. Having thus noticed the positive and explicit nature of Christ’s teaching, we now proceed to examine the terms employed in Scripture to denote the abode of the lost, and the nature of their punishment. The Old Testament… Read More The Meaning of Sheol, Hades, and Hell
William G. T. Shedd, The Doctrine of Endless Punishment, Chapter 2, The Biblical Argument, Part 1. Christ Himself Taught the Doctrine of Endless Punishment. The strongest support of the doctrine of Endless Punishment is the teaching of Christ, the Redeemer of man. Though the doctrine is plainly taught in the Pauline Epistles, and other parts… Read More Explicit Biblical Teaching on Endless Punishment
William G. T. Shedd, The Doctrine of Endless Punishment, Chapter 1, The History of the Doctrine. Early Church. The common opinion in the Ancient church was that the future punishment of the impenitent wicked is endless. This was the catholic faith; as much so as belief in the trinity. But as there were some church… Read More The History of the Doctrine of Endless Punishment