The outward baptism doth not save us of itself, but the inward, because outward baptism is common to the hypocrites as well as to the faithful, it comes not unto the soul, and it hath no saving power in itself. This may serve to admonish us, not to put too much trust and confidence in the outward Sacraments, or to rely thereupon, that we are baptized and partake of the Lord’s Supper, but always to seek the spiritual grace of the Sacraments.… Read More Baptism Now Saves You | William Ames
The parts of a Sacrament are of two sorts, some outward, open, sensible, earthly, visible, and signifying—some are inward, hidden, spiritual, heavenly, invisible, and signified. The outward is applied to the body, the inward is applied to the soul and conscience. This division and distinction of parts appeareth plainly, “He is not a Jew which is one outward, neither is that circumcision which is outward in the flesh: but he is a Jew which is one within, and the circumcision is of the heart, in the spirit, not in the letter” (Rom. 2:28-29).… Read More The Nature of a Sacrament: Partly Outward and Partly Inward.
A Sacrament is a visible sign and seal ordained of God, whereby Christ and all his saving graces by certain outward rites are signified, exhibited, and sealed up unto us. There is more in the Sacraments than is seen with the eyes, or felt with the hands: and therefore we must not conceive unreverently of them, nor come negligently unto them, making them mere carnal and outward things: but we must think reverently, speak soberly, receive humbly and penitently these holy mysteries.… Read More What Is A Sacrament?
The Word of God may fitly be resembled to writings and evidences: and the Sacraments to seals, which the Lord alone sets to his own letters. They are as a visible sermon preaching unto us most lively the promises of God: that as the Word we hear doth edify and instruct the mind by the outward ears, so doth the Sacraments by the eyes and other senses… The Word may be without the Sacraments, but the Sacraments cannot be without the Word, as a writing may be without a seal, but not the seal without the writing. Set a seal to a blank, and is it not vain, void, and unprofitable?… Read More Word and Sacrament: Agreements & Differences
“Though the sacraments are connected with the thing signified nevertheless both are not received by all men: the ungodly indeed receives the sacrament to his condemnation but he does not receive the truth of the sacrament. As Judas, and Simon the sorcerer, both indeed received the sacrament, but not Christ, who was signified by it,… Read More Sacraments: The Savor of Death to Ungodly Partakers
James Durham Concerning Scandal Part 2, Chap. 4, pp. 120-123. Whether the ordinances of Christ be any way polluted by corrupt fellow worshippers. It may be said, ‘But are not the ordinances of Christ someway polluted by the unworthiness of such scandalous partakers? And if so, can polluted ordinances be partaken of without sin?’ Answer.… Read More How Ordinances Are Polluted
The Value and Virtue of Baptism in which: The dignity and duty of Baptism The due right of infants to Baptism And their right above that of grown persons by Baptism The degrading and destructive principles and practices of Baptism ARE Catechetically propounded, plainly preached and now published as an Antidote against all Baptism despising… Read More A Short Catechism on Baptism
William AttersollBadges of ChristianityBook 3, ch. 5, pp. 350-352 Christ delivered his Last Supper in bread and wine, then these signs may not be altered, but must be retained for the perpetual use and comfort of the Church. And howsoever it be left to the choice and liberty of the Church, what bread or what… Read More Christ Alone Defines the Sacramental Elements
Thomas Boston Works, vol. 2, pp. 460-465. For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit (1 Corinthians 12:13). I come now to handle the questions in the Catechism concerning the… Read More How the Sacraments are Effectual Means of Salvation
Herman Witsius Economy of the Covenants Between God and Man Volume 1, Book 2, Chapter 10, pp. 271-280. After what manner Christ Used the Sacraments. I. Thus far we have at large treated of those things that relate to the covenant between Christ and the Father; and might seem to have completely finished that subject,… Read More Why Did Christ Partake of the Sacraments?