David Dickson (1583-1663)Therapeutica Sacra, pp. 124-127 Objection. But some there are who maintain the decree of Redemption and Covenant between God and Christ (which in substance, is one with the decree) to be absolute concerning the powerful and invincible conversion, perseverance, and salvation of the elect; but concerning the rest of the world, they tell… Read More Predestination and the Free Offer of the Gospel
William PerkinsThe Manner and Order of PredestinationWorks VI, pp. 342-347 Objection: Saint Paul says that “God will that all men be saved and come to the knowledge of the truth” (1 Tim. 2:4). 1. All of which men? I answer, first, that the place is not to be understood of all the posterity of Adam,… Read More Does God Desire the Salvation of the Reprobate?
If the gospel is commanded by Christ to be preached unto all men without distinction, does this imply that Christ did in fact die for every individual human being to ever live? If the universal free offer of the gospel is true, how does this cohere with the doctrine of limited atonement? Is God insincere by offering redemption through Christ’s blood to the reprobate in the external call of the gospel, if Christ’s blood was never truly shed for them? In this post we will answer these questions by looking at three 17th century Reformed theologians.… Read More The Gospel Offer and Limited Atonement
Dr. William Young wrote the OPC Minority Report on the Free Offer of the Gospel (1948). Below is Dr. Young’s further analysis of the report and a critique and refutation of an alleged will of God that lies between his prescriptive will and his decretive will. A supposed divine willingness (velleitas), or “a weak though… Read More The Free Offer of the Gospel
The Geneva Theses (1649) were drafted by Antoine Léger (1594-1661) and Théodore Tronchin (1582-1657) at the commission of the Council of Geneva and the approval of the Company of Pastors (i.e. the Genevan Classis). While in Constantinople as the chaplain of the Dutch embassy, Léger became an intimate friend of Cyril Lukaris (1572-1638), whose creed… Read More The Geneva Theses (1649)
Christ perfectly satisfied divine justice for all our sins, by one offering of himself, such that there are no more propitiatory offerings to be made for sin.… Read More The Perfection of Christ’s Atonement
Zacharias Ursinus Commentary on the Heidelberg Catechism CHRIST’S DESCENT INTO HELL Question 44. Why is there added, “he descended into hell?” Answer. That in my greatest temptations, I may be assured, and wholly comfort myself in this, that my Lord Jesus Christ, by his inexpressible anguish, pains, terrors, and hellish agonies, in which he was… Read More Did Jesus Descend into Hell?
Excerpted from his book, A Commentary on the Heidelberg Catechism CONCERNING THE MEDIATOR The doctrine of the Mediator, which is intimately connected with the glory of God and our comfort, must be carefully considered for the following reasons: 1. That we may acknowledge and magnify the mercy of God, in that he has given… Read More Concerning the Mediator Between God and Man | Zacharias Ursinus
James Durham A Commentary Upon the Book of Revelation Chap. V, Lecture II pp. 295-299 Concerning the nature of Christs death, or, if it be properly a satisfaction. Beside what Observations have been already hinted at and held forth from this Chapter, there are two more; which being clear of themselves from the words, and… Read More The Satisfaction of Christ’s Death | James Durham
An Excerpt From Samuel Rutherford, Christ Dying and Drawing Sinners to Himself, or, A Survey of Our Saviour in His Soul-Suffering, His Loveliness in His Death, and the Efficacy Thereof Article 4. Places of Scripture seeming to favour universal Atonement vindicated. For the fourth Particular, and the clearing of Places alleged; we are, (1.) To… Read More Universal Atonement Refuted