“This Is My Body”: Literal or Figurative?

“Why dost thou prepare thy teeth and belly? Believe, and thou hast eaten.” (Augustine, Tractate 25). Daniel Featley, Transubstantiation Exploded pp. 154-189. That the words of the institution, “This is my Body,” are to be taken in a tropical [from trope. Figurative; rhetorically changed from its proper or original sense] and figurative sense, is proved:… Read More “This Is My Body”: Literal or Figurative?

11 Arguments for the Covenant of Redemption | Samuel Rutherford

Whether there be any such thing as a Covenant of Suretyship or Redemption between JEHOVAH and the Son of GOD? That there is such a Covenant, is proven by 11 Arguments. No doubt, Christ God-Man is in Covenant with God, being a person designed from eternity, with his own consent, and in time yielding thereunto, and yet he stands not in that Covenant-relation that… Read More 11 Arguments for the Covenant of Redemption | Samuel Rutherford

Harm of Attending the Mass: 2. Why it is Sinful to Attend a Papal Mass

  1. How Evil the Mass is 2. Why it is Sinful to Attend a Papal Mass 3. Reasons for Going to Mass Answered John Bradford, Hurt of Hearing Mass, Chapter 6. 1. It is Idolatry. First, out of the second commandment, “Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image…” This precept forbiddeth all… Read More Harm of Attending the Mass: 2. Why it is Sinful to Attend a Papal Mass

Is Instrumental Music a Circumstance of Worship?

This excerpt assumes the reader is familiar with the Regulative Principle of Worship and the difference between elements of worship and circumstances of worship. See here for a brief introduction: What is the Regulative Principle of Worship? John L. Girardeau, Instrumental Music in the Public Worship of the Church pp. 147-156 (1.) It is not claimed,… Read More Is Instrumental Music a Circumstance of Worship?

Reformed Scholasticism: Distinguishing Ends

“For educated men distinguish the end of the work from the end of working” (Samuel Rutherford, Disputatio Scholastica de Divina Providentia, p. 215). [1] This is a basic introduction to a distinction that one will commonly come across in reading Reformed Theology. This distinction will greatly assist in one’s understanding of theological concepts. We will define… Read More Reformed Scholasticism: Distinguishing Ends

Profound, Passionate, and Presbyterian: A Biographical Sketch of James Renwick Willson D.D.

James Renwick Willson, though largely forgotten, still offers a timeless example to the Reformed Church today.  James Renwick Willson was a 19th Century American Presbyterian Pastor, specifically a Reformed Presbyterian. Willson was widely regarded as one of the best preachers of the Reformed Presbyterian Church, as well as one of its most dogmatic and hardheaded… Read More Profound, Passionate, and Presbyterian: A Biographical Sketch of James Renwick Willson D.D.

America’s Dissenting Presbyterian Heritage

American Presbyterians have always punched above their weight class, despite representing a relatively small portion of the American Populous throughout American History. Presbyterians have through their writings, educational institutions, and preaching left their mark on the religious landscape of our nation. American Presbyterians have been on the forefront of every great religious controversy in America,… Read More America’s Dissenting Presbyterian Heritage